Spinal manipulation is a very effective way of treating back pain and neck pain and improving how your spine moves if it is stiff or immobile. Each manipulation is also known as a spinal adjustment or, simply, an adjustment and it often results in an immediately noticeable improvement.
It is a treatment very commonly associated with chiropractors. Your chiropractor will use his hands to apply a quick movement to your spine in a specific way in order to remove joint restrictions and improve the range of movement. You may feel and hear some popping or clicking when that happens, which is normal.
Spinal mobilisation gradually eases movement back into a stiff area of your spine to help relieve discomfort and tension of the surrounding muscles. It is a similar technique to spinal manipulation and is sometimes used in conjunction with it. Both techniques have the same essential aim of making your spine move better. However, you may prefer spinal mobilisation as a treatment option and, sometimes, it is a better option when pain is severe.
Joint manipulation and mobilisation
The techniques used in spinal manipulation and mobilisation, that make your spine move better and relieve discomfort, can also be applied to any joint of your body. These techniques are very effective at helping joints, such as the shoulders, elbows, hips and knees, move better and feel less stiff and restricted.
Soft tissue therapy
The soft tissues of the body are the muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments and fascia. They may all be a source of your pain and, if so, can be treated in simple ways. Soft tissue therapy, such as massage, is the manual manipulation of these soft tissues of the body to help alleviate the discomfort associated with everyday stresses, muscular overuse and many chronic pain conditions. If employed early enough after accidents involving trauma and injury, soft tissue therapy can greatly reduce the development of painful conditions.
Trigger point therapy
Trigger points, correctly known as myofascial trigger points, are hyperirritable knots in muscles. They are a palpable and painful spot that cause local pain and can also cause pain to be referred to other parts of your body. For instance, a knot in a muscle in your neck and shoulder region can cause pain to be felt in your arm, or even result in headaches. It is important to assess the presence of trigger points and treat them appropriately. Trigger points can be effectively treated with the application of firm pressure, deep tissue massage, acupuncture or stretching techniques.